10 Negative and Positive Human Impact on The Environment

Sui and Rejeski analysed the positive environmental impacts of the emerging digital economy as three Ds: dematerialisation, decarbonisation and demobilisation. The paper sought to remind environmental policy-makers the “daunting complexities and uncertainties” of the relationship, and that optimising the environmental performance of an economy driven by information and knowledge creation was different from regulating one based largely on the processing of material. 

10 Negative and Positive Human Impact on The Environment

Sui and Rejeski felt that many of the environmental policy tools were too blunt and reactive to steer technological and social innovation in an information economy in which traditional notions of borders, distance, jurisdiction, and time had been altered in very fundamental ways (Sui and Rejeski, 2002).

10 negative human impact on the environment:

1. Frequent occurrence of forest fires. The forest is a natural resource are priceless because it contained biological diversity as a source of germplasm, the source of forest products wood and non-wood, water, fire retardant layout manager flood and erosion and soil fertility, and so on. Therefore the utilization and its protection is governed by the laws and regulations of the Government. Fire is a form of disruption of forest resource and lately the more often the case. Forest fires cause huge losses and the impact is very wide, even across the country. On the other hand the efforts of prevention and control made during these still do not provide optimal results. Therefore it needs improvement, especially related to the welfare of society or in the outskirts of the forest area.

2. Forest fires bring great impact on biodiversity. Heavy burned forests would be difficult because the structure was restored, the land was damaged.

3. ecological endurance Damage due to encourage the creation of concentration of ownership of biological resources by way of eliminating restrictions possession against biodiversity.

4. Decline of environmental quality such as pollution and destruction of the ecosystem.
5. Experience joint disorders of the impacts of climate change, drought and challenges of the environment.

6. Loss of vegetation causing open land, so easy slopes, and can no longer withstand the flooding.

7. extinction Occurs in a certain kind of fire or burning forests result.

8. The species which has economic and social potential may be lost before they are found.

9. Resources for medicines and chemicals are useful wild species conceived by may be lost forever.

10. Natural forest may take hundreds of years to develop into complex systems containing many species are interdependent of each other.

10 positive human impact on the environment:

1. The economic value of
Biodiversity can be used as a source of income (can bring in foreign exchange for the industry). For example, industrial raw material, spices, and plantations. Industrial materials such as: eaglewood and sandalwood to the cosmetic industry, teak and rattan for furniture, tea and coffee for the beverage industry, wheat and soybeans to the food industry, and manioc to produce alcohol. Spices, such as pepper, vanilla, chilli, herbs. The estate e.g.: oil palm and rubber. 

2. Biological Biodiversity Value have a value of biological or life for supporting living beings including humans. Plants produce oxygen gas (O2) in the process of photosynthesis that are needed by living organisms for respiration, producing organic matter such as seeds, fruit, tuber as foodstuffs in other living beings. Animals can be used as food and clothing by men.

3. The ecological Value of biodiversity is a very important ecosystem components, such as tropical rain forest. Tropical rain forest ecological value or the value of the environment that are important to the Earth, among others: a. Is the lungs of the Earth's photosynthetic activity of a tropical rain forest can lower levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere, which means it can reduce air pollution and can prevent the greenhouse effect. b. can maintain the stability of the global climate, that is maintaining the temperature and humid air.

4. Social values
Cultural diversity can be developed as a place for recreation or tourism, in addition to maintaining the tradition.

5. As a source of food, housing, and health
- food carbohydrates: rice, maize, cassava, potatoes, and others. 
- Protein sources: soybeans, winged bean, fish, meat, and others. 
- Fat sources: fish, meat, eggs, coconut, avocado, and others. 
- Vitamin sources: guava, oranges, apples, tomatoes, and others. 
- Mineral resources: vegetables.

6. As a source of foreign exchange income
a. craft industry raw materials: wood, rattan, rubber 
b. cosmetic industry raw materials: sandalwood, seaweed

7. As an source of germplasm, for example, forests in the forest there are plants and animals that have superior properties, therefore the forest is said to be the source of germplasm/source genes.

8. ecological Benefits in addition to the function to support human life, biological diversity has a role in maintaining the sustainability of ecosystems.

9. the scientific Benefits of biodiversity research and development land is a science that is very useful for human life.

10. The benefits of beauty an assortment of plants and animals able to beautify the environment.

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