7 Factors Influencing Weather and Climate

Weather is what happens over a short period of time. It can change from minute tominute, hour-to-hour, day-to-day, and season-to-season.

Climate is a long-term average of the weather at a certain place.

7 Factors Influencing Weather and Climate

7 Factors Influencing Weather And Climate:

1. The Sun
The time of acceptance of the sunlight in a certain area are strongly influenced by the location of the latitude of the area. The higher the latitude of the location of a region, then shines will be getting less, so the time of day in the region was further short. In addition, the sun shines on the Earth is also influenced by the movement of elements in the atmosphere. For example, clouds in the troposphere layer can block sunlight in a region, so that the area that was set in the clouds gets no sun shines.

2. The temperature or Temperature
The existence of differences in the level of the sun warming the Earth's surface, causing a region will have a difference of temperature with other regions. Most of the heat up to the surface of the Earth is absorbed and partly reflected. The reflection of the sunlight will greatly affect the temperature in the area.

Factors that affect the level of acceptance of the heat of the Sun to the Earth's surface are:
a. the angle of sunlight in an upright position or tilted;
b. duration of the sun shines, the long afternoon of Earth accepted getting hot;
c. State of Earth covering the land vegetation, desert sand, and the sea;
d. many at least cloud or moisture in the air.

3. Air Humidity
Warming is happening on the Earth's surface causes water-water that is present on the surface of the Earth, both on land or sea, evaporating and contained in the air. Steam content that exists in the air is called the air humidity. Air humidity can vary, depending on the warming occurs. The higher temperatures in a region, then the higher air humidity levels are also in the area, due to the air that is experiencing warming, stretchable and filled by water vapor.

4. Air pressure
The air pressure is a force which arose by the weight of air. The air is a collection of gas each has mass and occupies space. Because the mass of the air has pressure. Temperatures in a region strongly affect the air pressure in the area.

5. The wind
Social insights in two different regions, then the air that is in one of these areas will move in another area. The air will move from an area with high air pressure to areas of lower pressure to fill the space. Then the air moves from a cold area to a warm area. Moving air is called wind.

6. Rainfall
Rain is a process of the fall of water (H2O) from the air to the Earth's surface. The falling water can be liquid or solid shaped (ice and snow). Rain occurs due to evaporate the water as a result of the warming rays of the Sun. Steam-water vapor is then rise into the atmosphere and experience the condensation forming clouds. Gradually, the cloud will be makin the weight, because water is more and more content. When water vapor in the clouds have reached a certain amount, then the points of water on the cloud will fall as rain.

7. The cloud
A cloud is a collection of points of water or ice crystals in the atmosphere. At the time the dry season a bit once we encounter a cloud in the air due to evaporation happens a little bit, but in the rainy season we can find lots of clouds with different forms and variations, this is because the water vapor content in the air quite a lot.

Based on its shape, the clouds are divided as follows:
a. cumulus Clouds, that is the white clouds huddle that we often see in the afternoon and evening.
b. Clouds stratus clouds, that is shaped like a blanket that is layered and relatively spacious.
c. cirrus clouds, i.e. clouds located high and thin like a veil.
d. Cloud nimbus, that dark clouds with erratic form, these clouds indicate impending rain.

Factors that Influence Weather 
1. The Water Cycle: As the sun warms the surface of the Earth, water rises in the form of water vapor from oceans, lakes, rivers, plants, the ground, and other sources. This process is called evaporation.

2. Air Masses: Air masses take on the characteristics of the area below them. Air masses that form over water are humid or wet, air masses that form over land are dry, air masses the form near the equator are warm, and air masses that form near poles are cold. Warm air masses carry more water vapor that cold air masses.

3. Weather Fronts: The area where air masses meet is called the weather front. The four types of weather fronts are cold front, warm front, stationary front, and stationary front. Weather changes happens where the air masses meet.

4. Jet Stream: A jet stream is the name given to the area of air above where two air masses of different temperature converge e.g. a cold front meeting a warm front. The greater the temperature difference between the air masses, the greater the air pressure difference, and the faster the wind blows in the jet stream.

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