4 Causes and Effects of Environmental Pollution

Environment pollution is a wide-reaching problem and it is likely to influence the health of human populations is great. This paper provides the insight view about the affects of environment pollution in the perspective of air pollution, water and land/ soil waste pollution on human by diseases and problems, animals and trees/ plants.

4 Causes and Effects of Environmental Pollution

Study finds that these kinds of pollutions are not only seriously affecting the human by diseases and problems but also the animals and trees/ plants. According to author, still time left in the hands of global institutions, governments and local bodies to use the advance resources to balance the environment for living and initiates the breathed intellectuals to live friendly with environment.

As effective reply to contamination is largely base on human appraisal of the problem from every age group and contamination control program evolves as a nationwide fixed cost-sharing effort relying upon voluntary participation (Sharp & Bromley, 1979).    

4 Causes And Effects Of Environmental Pollution:
1. Air pollution
Air pollution is the presence of contaminants in the form of the substance of the physical, chemical, or biological in the air in quantities which could endanger human health, animals, and plants, disrupt the beauty and comfort, or destructive materials and property.

The causes of environmental pollution can be distinguished into 2 things, that is because of the natural factors and because of the human factor. Examples of natural factors for example, forest fires and volcanoes. While the example of human factors, such as the burning of garbage, the activities of industries that produce smoke, factory farming activities (use of pesticides), and the use of fossil fuels for vehicles.

The polluted air will bring serious impact for the sustainability of biotic component of ecosystems. The life of the organism is threatened due to the quality of the air that is inhaled when the process of respiration (breathing) exceeds the threshold of tolerance of the biological body. In addition, the pollution of the environment also causes damage to the balance of the Earth's atmosphere.

2. Water pollution
Water pollution is the presence of contaminants in the form of the substance of the physical, chemical, or biological to the aquatic environment. A waters is said to have tainted when in it there are a number of contaminants can damage the quality of the waters for the life of the organism.

Water pollution caused by the entry of pollutants (pollutants) into a body of water, whether intentional or not. Pollutants cause pollution of water due to deliberate action e.g. household waste (such as water or detergent remaining waste is dumped into the river) as well as industrial waste (waste processing factories that haven't experienced or the rest of the pesticide residue used in industrial agriculture). While the pollutants that enter due to accidental e.g. spilling oil tankers on the high seas or water hyacinth population explosion in a body of water.

Regardless of any cause, water pollution in fact give so much impact to the survival of all organisms on Earth. For example, when a body of water contaminated by pesticide residue it will be a lot of water organisms that died of poisoning. Or when the body of water that is contaminated with organic waste is used as a source of water consumption, then it will cause itching, allergies, and poisoning for humans who use them.

3. Soil Pollution
Land pollution is the pollution that results from the influx of pollutants and waste that cannot be ground decomposes within a short time to the body ground. Pollutants and waste land polluters usually inorganic materials, such as pesticide residues, residual inorganic fertilizers are not absorbed by the plants, as well as solid waste.

Examples of solid waste into the ground there are many polluters, such as the shard of glass, metal, paper, plastic, cans, rubber, etc. These wastes are difficult to untangle the organism so that the parser can not be ground in a short time.

Soil pollution poses some serious impact to the environment. The impact of the land pollution e.g. damage to soil structure and fertility rates, the death of the organisms that live in the soil, as well as a decrease in the value of the power to the ground.

4. Sound Pollution
Sound pollution is pollution in the form of noise or sounds which has intensity > 50 decibels (dB) so annoying hearing man. The cause of the pollution of the sound can be sourced from the resulting sound machines of motor vehicles, the roar of the engine manufacturer, or the sound of the speakers are too loud.

Among the range of other kinds of environmental pollution, pollution of the voice being the most often does so in the mind. Whereas, the sound pollution can bring serious impacts for health. People who always hear a loud note will experience health problems, both physical health such as headaches and hearing loss, as well as psychological health disorders, such as depression and rapid emotions.

Types of environmental pollution its pollutants based on material
In addition can be distinguished on the basis of the place, the range of different kinds of environmental pollution can also be categorized based on the type of material its pollutants, namely:
-Chemical Pollution is the pollution caused by chemical pollutants such as radioactive substances, metals, inorganic fertilizers, detergents, oils, and pesticides into the environment.

-Biological Pollution is the pollution caused by microorganisms cause diseases such as bacterial Salmonela and e. Coli into the environment

-Physical Pollution is the pollution caused by the physical components, such as grain dust, plastic, rubber, glass bottles, cans, etc.

It appears that polluted environment is global an issue and world community would bear worst results more as they already faced.  As effective response to pollution is largely based on human appraisal of the problem (Kromm, 1973) and pollution control program evolves as a nationwide fixed cost-sharing effort relying upon voluntary participation (Sharp & Bromley, 1979). Education, research, and advocacy, are lacking in the region as preventive strategy for pollution (Fitzgerald, 1998) especially in Asia.

At present the adoption of environmental auditing in any economic sector is voluntary but future legislation could well make it mandatory (Goodall, 1995) and still time available to use technology and information for environmental health decision. Policymakers in developing countries need to design programs, set standards, and take action to mitigate adverse health effects of air pollution.

Healthy people mean human resources are the main object of any successful business or country. These societal beneficial efforts need to carefully adapt available knowledge from other settings, keeping in mind the differences in pollutant mixtures, concentration levels, exposure patterns, and various underlying population characteristics. 

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